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WTSUPP
Supplement Weight

Codes

WTSUPP is a 10-digit numeric variable with four implied decimal places. That is, values of 0012345600 should be interpreted as 1,234.56. The IPUMS command files automatically divide WTSUPP by 10,000, so no further adjustment is needed.

Description

WTSUPP is a person-level weight that should be used in analyses of individual-level CPS supplement data. Since the CPS relies on a complex stratified sampling scheme, it is essential to use one of the provided weighting variables.

Researchers should use WTFINL rather than WTSUPP when they wish to conduct person-level analyses of non-supplement data. EARNWT should be used for any analysis including a small number of person-level variables (EARNWEEK, HOURWAGE, PAIDHOUR, and UNION). Researchers should use HWTSUPP for household-level analyses.

User Caution: For analyses that include the 2014 ASEC sample, please see the comparability tab.

The ASEC CPS files include two groups of people who are not included in the production of published labor force statistics: (1) members of the armed services, and (2) members of the Hispanic oversample who were interviewed in months other than March. WTFINL and EARNWT assign these groups a value of 0. Both groups are assigned non-zero values in WTSUPP.

WTSUPP is based on the inverse probability of selection into the sample and adjustments for the following factors: failure to obtain an interview; sampling within large sample units; the known distribution of the entire population according to age, sex, and race; over-sampling Hispanic persons; to give husbands and wives the same weight; and an additional step to provide consistency with labor force estimates from the basic survey.

Estimates on the entire population are prepared by projecting forward the resident population from the last available census. These projections are derived by updating the demographic census data from a number of other data sources that account for death, births and net migration. About 3 years after every census (i.e. 2003 for the 2000 Census and 2013 for the 2010 Census), the Census Bureau updates its independent population control and provides a new weight for the relevant years.

Two important points should be noted here. First, the lag between when the Census is conducted and when the CPS weights are updated is about 3 years. While the Census data are being processed, the CPS files are made available using the weighting scheme from the US Census prior to the latest Census. Second, once the files are updated, the old weights become obsolete and are replaced in the IPUMS data extract system. Published estimates from the lag years that use the old weights are not always updated. For example, 2010 poverty estimates were released in ASEC using the 2000 population controls. Once the 2010 population controls were made available, IPUMS-CPS replaced the ASEC 2010, 2011, and 2012 weights that are based on the 2000 population control with weights that are based on the 2010 population controls. IPUMS-CPS makes available only the most up-to-date weights.

Comparability

WTSUPP is comparable throughout the ASEC supplements, except for 2014. Prior to 1976, the data contain a small number of valid negative values; thereafter, WTSUPP has only positive values.

In the 2014 ASEC sample, the Census Bureau divided the sample randomly into a 3/8 group and a 5/8 group. The smaller portion of the sample was given the redesigned income questions. WTSUPP was assigned to records so that both the 3/8ths file and the 5/8ths file independently sum to be representative of the entire US population. The flag variable HFLAG differentiates the respondent records. Please see our User Note on the 3/8 file redesign.

A unique supplement weight for the education supplement does not exist prior to 2006. For the years prior to 2006, WTSUPP is the same as WTFINL for education supplements. The October 2012 sample includes two supplements: Education and Computer and Internet Use. Use WTSUPP to tally the Education supplement. Use CIPWT to tally primary-respondent-only variables in the Computer and Internet Use supplement. Remaining variables in the Computer and Internet Use supplement can be tallied with WTFINL or HWTFNIL.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

For ASEC samples, WTSUPP is fully comparable with the PERWT variable in the IPUMS census and ACS samples.

Universe

  • 1962-1967 (ASEC): Persons age 14+ (pre-1968 samples do not include persons under age 14).
  • 1968-2017 (selected months): All persons.
  • 1989- 2014 (selected months): Persons age 16+
  • 1993-2012 (selected months): Persons age 15+
  • 2002 (August): Persons age 18+
  • May 2011: All persons; MIS 5-8 only.

Availability

Years Jan Feb ASEC Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
1962 – 1975 - - X - - - - - - - - -
1976 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1977 - - X - - X - - - X - -
1978 - - X - - - - - - X X -
1979 - - X - - X - - - X - -
1980 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1981 - - X - - X - - - X - -
1982 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1983 - - X - - X - - - X - -
1984 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1985 - - X - - - - - - X - -
1986 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1987 - - X - - X - - - X - -
1988 - - X - - X - - - X X -
1989 - - X - X - - X - X - -
1990 X X X - - X - - - X X -
1991 X - X - X - - - - X - -
1992 X - X - - X - - X X X -
1993 X - X X X - - - - X - -
1994 - X X - - X - - - X X X
1995 - X X X X X - X X X - -
1996 X - X - X - - - - X X -
1997 - X X X X - - - X X - -
1998 - - X - - X - - X X X X
1999 X X X - X - - - X X - -
2000 X - X - X X - X X X X -
2001 - X X X X X - X X X X X
2002 – 2003 - X X - - X - X X X X X
2004 - - X - X X - - X X X X
2005 - X X - X - - X X X - X
2006 - - X - X X - X X X X X
2007 X - X - - - - X X X - X
2008 - - X - - X - X X X X X
2009 X - X - - - - X X X X X
2010 - - X - X X X X X X X X
2011 X - X - X X X X X X X X
2012 - - X - X X - X X X X X
2013 - - X - - X X X X X - X
2014 - - X - - X X - X X X X
2015 X - X - X X - - X X - X
2016 - - X - - X - - - X - X
2017 - - X - - - - - - - - -

Flags

This variable has no flags.