Data Cart

Your data extract

0 variables
0 samples
View Cart
Foreign birthplace or parentage

Codes and Frequencies

Can't find the category you are looking for? Try the Detailed codes


NATIVITY classifies each person as native-born or foreign-born (i.e., whether a first-generation immigrant) and further specifies whether the parents of a native-born person were native-born or foreign-born (i.e., whether a second-generation immigrant). NATIVITY is constructed from information in the BPL, FBPL, and MBPL variables, which respectively report the place of birth of the respondent and his or her father and mother. Persons born in outlying U.S. territories and possessions and those born abroad to U.S. parents are treated as foreign-born in NATIVITY.


This variable is completely comparable across years.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

The NATIVITY variable is completely comparable in IPUMS-CPS and IPUMS-USA.


  • All persons.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
1994 – 2023 X X X X X X X X X X X X X
2024 X X - - - - - - - - - - -