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Telework or work at home for pay prior to COVID-19 pandemic started (February 2020)

Codes and Frequencies

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TELWRKBFCVD indicates whether employed respondents 16 years or older teleworked or worked from home for pay prior to the COVID-19 pandemic (February 2020). This question was not asked to people who were employed, but not currently working due to vacation, illness, or other reasons. For respondents who hold multiple jobs, this question does not separately identify which one. Respondents with EMPSTAT = 12 are NIU (Not in Universe).
Other Telework Variables:

  • TELWRKHR: In the last week, total number of hours telework for pay
  • TELWRKPAY: If respondent teleworks or works from home for pay prior to COVID-19 pandemic
  • TELWRKDIFFCVD: Current amount of telework or work at home for pay in comparison to during the COVID-19 pandemic

For more information on the telework variables, please refer to the telework page for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.


TELWRKBFCVD is comparable across all available samples.


  • Civilians 16+ who are currently employed and were at work last week


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2022 - - - - - - - - - - X X X
2023 X X - X X X X X X X X X -



Unharmonized Variables