Codes and Frequencies
MIGSTA5 reports the state of previous residence for respondents who were living in a different house in the U.S. five years ago. Beginning in 1985, every ten years, in years that end in 5, the survey includes five-year migration questions in addition to the one-year migration questions. In 1985, 1995, and 2005 surveys, interviewers asked whether respondents were living in the same house or apartment five years ago (on March 1 of 1980, 1990, 2000). Movers (those who answered, "No") then supplied information about the city/town/post office, county/parish, and U.S. state or foreign country where they lived on that date.
The MIGRATE5 variable identifies nonmovers and classifies movers according to whether their change of residence crossed county lines, state lines, or international boundaries. MIGSTA1 specifies the state of previous residence for those who were living in a different house in the U.S. one year ago.
MIGSTA5 is available for 1985, 1995, and 2005, and is comparable over time.
Comparability with IPUMS-USA
The IPUMS-USA variable MIGPLAC5 is the closest equivalent to the IPUMS-CPS variable MIGSTA5. Available for the 1940 census and the 1970-2000 censuses, MIGPLAC5 provides information on the U.S. state or the country of previous residence for those who were living in a different house or apartment five years ago.
- Persons age 5+ who lived in a different house in the U.S. five years ago.