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Income from survivor's benefits


9999999 = N.I.U. (Not in Universe).

The Census Bureau applies different disclosure avoidance measures across time for individuals with high income in this variable. Detailed explanations of these methods, topcodes, and replacement value and swap value thresholds are available here.


INCSURV indicates how much pre-tax income (if any) the respondent received from survivors' benefits during the previous calendar year. Such payments could include the following: company or union survivor pension; federal government civil service pension; U.S. military retirement survivor pension; state or local government survivor pension; worker's compensation survivor pension; black lung survivor pension; regular payments from an estate or trust; and regular payments from annuities or paid-up insurance policies. Social Security and Veterans' Administration payments were specifically excluded from this category; payments from these sources are given in INCSS and INCVET, respectively.

Amounts are expressed as they were reported to the interviewer; users must adjust for inflation using Consumer Price Index adjustment factors.


Apart from the effect of inflation, this variable is largely consistent from 1988 forward. From 1988 to 1995, respondents reported a single figure for the year. Beginning in 1996, respondents could report amounts for smaller time intervals, such as weekly, bi-weekly, twice monthly, or monthly, along with the number of payments.

For 1962-1967, the value of income from payments from survivors' benefits is subsumed in the INCUNERN variable, which encompasses all income from sources other than wages and salaries (INCWAGE), non-farm businesses (INCBUS), and farms (INCFARM).

For 1968-1987, the value of survivors' benefits from government sources other than Social Security is included in the INCGOV variable, on income from unspecified government programs. Survivors' benefits from nongovernmental sources during these years are included in the residual INCALOTH variable.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

For the 1960 and 1970 censuses, income from survivors' benefits is included in the INCOTHER variable in IPUMS-USA. For the 1990 and 2000 censuses, survivors' benefits from companies and unions, from federal, state, and local governments, from the U.S. military, and from annuities, were included in the INCRETIR variable in the 1990 and 2000 censuses. INCRETIR in IPUMS-USA includes income from retirement, survivor, and disability pensions, excluding Social Security payments; the INCRETIR variable in IPUMS-CPS has a narrower scope. (See INCRETIR for further discussion of this CPS variable). The census variable INCRETIR can be approximated in the CPS dataset by summing the values from INCRETIR, INCSURV, and INCDISAB variables.


  • Persons age 15+.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
1988 – 2023 - - X - - - - - - - - -


This variable has no flags.

Unharmonized Variables