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Adult food security scale, 30-day

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FSSTATUSMA identifies the food security status of the adults in the household in the past 30 days. Households are classified as experiencing high food security, marginal food security, low food security or very low food security among adults. See FSSTATUS for the USDA definitions of food insecurity.

Food security is based on the number of affirmative answers to each of the 10 food security food security questions asked about the households overall and about the adults in the household specifically. Each food insecure condition must occur in the past 30 days.

FSSTATUSMA is available since 2005, when households were first asked the full food security questionnaire for the previous 30 days. Adult food security over the past year is also available since 2005 in FSSTATUSA.

This variable is part of the Food Security Supplement.


This variable is available and comparable since 2005.

In 1998, 1999, and 2007, food security data are not available for all rotation groups. The food security status weight FSHWTSCALE should be used when analyzing the food security scales.


  • 2005-2006, 2008+: All households.
  • Dec 2007: All households in month-in-sample 1, 2, 4-7.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2005 – 2022 - - - - - - - - - - - X


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