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FSFDSTMP
Receive SNAP (food stamps) in past year

Codes and Frequencies



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Description

FSFDSTMP records whether a household received benefits in the past year from the Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This program is formerly known as the Food Stamps program. See FOODSTMP for more background on the SNAP program and additional SNAP data are available in other supplements from IPUMS-CPS.

This question is asked of households with non-missing income that falls below 185% of the poverty line. Beginning in 2000, households with incomes above this threshold are also asked about food assistance programs if they report running short of money for food.

Households are also asked to report the months in which they received SNAP benefits and the value of their monthly SNAP benefit (FSSTMPVAL).

This variable is part of the Food Security Supplement.

Comparability

This variable is available from 1997 forward. Prior to 1997, households were only asked about benefits receipt in the past month.

Universe

  • Apr 1997, Aug 1998, and Apr 1999: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line.
  • 2000-2017: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line or short of money for food.
  • Apr 2001: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line or short of money for food and are in months-in-sample 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8.

Availability

Years Jan Feb ASEC Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
1997 - - - X - - - - - - - -
1998 - - - - - - - X - - - -
1999 - - - X - - - - - - - -
2000 - - - - - - - - X - - -
2001 - - - X - - - - - - - X
2002 – 2017 - - - - - - - - - - - X

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