- Questionnaire Text
- UnHarmonized Variables
Codes and Frequencies
FSFDSTMP records whether a household received benefits in the past year from the Supplement Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This program is formerly known as the Food Stamps program. See FOODSTMP for more background on the SNAP program and additional SNAP data are available in other supplements from IPUMS-CPS.
This question is asked of households with non-missing income that falls below 185% of the poverty line. Beginning in 2000, households with incomes above this threshold are also asked about food assistance programs if they report running short of money for food.
Households are also asked to report the months in which they received SNAP benefits and the value of their monthly SNAP benefit (FSSTMPVAL).
This variable is part of the Food Security Supplement.
This variable is available from 1997 forward. Prior to 1997, with the exceptions of 1976 and 1977 samples, households were only asked about benefits receipt in the past month.
For Food Stamp use at any time in in 1975, see FSFDSTMP76.
For Food Stamp use in the first 7 months of 1977, see FSFDSTMP77.
- Apr 1997, Aug 1998, and Apr 1999: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line.
- 2000-2019: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line or short of money for food.
- Apr 2001: Households below 185 percent of the poverty line or short of money for food and are in months-in-sample 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8.
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