Codes and Frequencies
EDUC indicates respondents' educational attainment, as measured by the highest year of school or degree completed. Note that completion differs from the highest year of school attendance; for example, respondents who attended 10th grade but did not finish were classified in EDUC as having completed 9th grade.
EDUC is a combination of two other variables, HIGRADE and EDUC99, which measure educational attainment in different ways. HIGRADE is available for years prior to 1992 and gives the respondent's highest grade of school or year of college completed. EDUC99 is available beginning in 1992 and classifies high school graduates according to their highest degree or diploma attained.
General and detailed codes are not yet available for IPUMS-CPS, but one can construct the general version of EDUC by reading only the first two columns of EDUC.
As the preceding discussion indicates, this variable was created to maximize comparability over time for those studying educational attainment. The variable is comparable across all years.
Comparability with IPUMS-USA
The census and the ACS collected information on schooling of young children, while the CPS did not. Additionally, there are some differences in the EDUC codes for IPUMS-CPS and IPUMS-USA because of differences in the educational categories measured. In most respects, though, IPUMS-CPS and IPUMS-USA are completely comparable for the EDUC variable.
- 1962, 1964-1979 (ASEC): Persons age 14+ (pre-1968 samples do not include persons under age 14).
- 1976+: Persons age 14+.
- 1980-2018 (ASEC): Persons age 15+.
|1964 – 1975||-||-||X||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1976 – 2018||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|