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Difficulty remembering

Codes and Frequencies

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DIFFREM indicates whether the respondent has cognitive difficulties (such as remembering, concentrating, or making decisions) because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition.

For more information about difficulty variables in the CPS see DIFFANY.


This variable is completely comparable across years.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

This variable is fully comparable to the IPUMS-USA variable DIFFREM, although the CPS question wording differs slightly from that in the pre-2008 ACS data.


  • Civilians age 15+.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 - - - - - - X X X X X X X
2009 – 2023 X X X X X X X X X X X X X
2024 X X - X X X X - - - - - -



Unharmonized Variables