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Certification is required for job

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JOBCERT indicates whether a respondent's government-issued professional, state, or industry license was required for their job. Employed persons were asked about their current job or their main job if they had multiple jobs. Unemployed respondents who had worked in the past were asked about the job from which they were on layoff or the job at which they last worked.


In 2015, this question was asked to respondents 16 and over who had a license or certificate that was required by their job in every interview (MISH 1-8). Beginning in 2016, these questions are asked only in the first and fifth interview (MISH 1 and 5).
This variable is comparable across available samples.


  • Respondents age 16+ who have a covernment-issued certification or license and who are employed or who are unemployed but have previously worked.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2016 – 2023 X X - X X X X X X X X X X
2024 X X - X X X - - - - - - -



Unharmonized Variables