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Personal care limitation

Codes and Frequencies

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DIFFCARE indicates whether respondents have any physical or mental health condition that makes it difficult for them to take care of their own personal needs, such as bathing, dressing, or getting around inside the home.

DIFFCARE was drawn from the final CPS interview, conducted 2-5 months before the ATUS interview.

For more information about difficulty variables in the CPS see DIFFANY.


This variable is completely comparable across years.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

This variable is fully comparable to the IPUMS-USA variable DIFFCARE, although the CPS question wording differs slightly from that in the pre-2008 ACS data.


  • Civilians age 15+.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 - - - - - - X X X X X X X
2009 – 2023 X X X X X X X X X X X X X
2024 X X - X X X - - - - - - -



Unharmonized Variables