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Personal care limitation

Codes and Frequencies

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DIFFCARE indicates whether respondents have any physical or mental health condition that has lasted at least 6 months and makes it difficult for them to take care of their own personal needs, such as bathing, dressing, or getting around inside the home. This does not include temporary health conditions, such as broken bones or pregnancies.


This variable appears only in the 2009-onward CPS.

Comparability with IPUMS-USA

This variable is fully comparable to the IPUMS-USA variable DIFFCARE, although the CPS question wording differs slightly from that in the pre-2008 ACS data.


  • Civilians age 15+.


Years Jan Feb ASEC Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2008 - - - - - - X X X X X X X
2009 – 2018 X X X X X X X X X X X X X
2019 X X X X X X X X X X X - -