Codes and Frequencies
CHAMPVA identifies persons who had health insurance coverage, during the previous calendar year, from the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veteran's Affairs. CHAMPVA is a health care benefits program for the spouse or widow(er) and for the children of a veteran who met one of the following four conditions: 1) is rated permanently and totally disabled due to a service-related disability; 2) was so rated at the time of death; 3) died of a service-related disability; or 4) died while on active duty.
Information on CHAMPVA coverage was collected through an initial question asking about health insurance from several government programs (CHAMPUS, CHAMPVA, VA, Indian Health Service, "other") and a follow-up question about the name of the insurance plan for those who reported such coverage.
Through programming in IPUMS-CPS, other cases were added to the pool of positive responses for CHAMPVA. If the respondent mentioned CHAMPVA coverage when answering a catchall summary question on "other" health insurance plans, after hearing questions about many specific types of insurance coverage (including CHAMPVA), then that person was given a positive response for CHAMPUS in IPUMS-CPS.
User Note: For a set of variables that addresses many of the comparability issues in the CPS health insurance measures, see the summary health insurance variables created by the University of Minnesota's State Health Access Data Assistance Center.
Beginning with the ASEC 2001 survey, the CPS added a verification question (see VERIFY for more information) to ascertain whether respondents who did not acknowledge health insurance coverage of various types in previous questions, actually lacked insurance coverage during the preceding calendar year. Persons who acknowledged health insurance coverage in this verification follow-up question were asked about the types of health insurance coverage they had. In IPUMS-CPS, for the ASEC 2001 survey onward, persons who reported CHAMPVA coverage in response to this question were added, through programming, to the pool of positive responses for the CHAMPVA variable. For consistency in results before and after the ASEC 2001 survey, researchers should exclude cases of CHAMPVA coverage that were only identified via the verification question (i.e., exclude cases coded as "Yes" (2) in VERIFY when analyzing the CHAMPVA data).
For 1996 and 1997 only, persons who reported being covered by CHAMPVA or CHAMPUS during the previous week are identified in CHAMPLW.
- All persons.
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