- Questionnaire Text
- UnHarmonized Variables
99999 = N.I.U. (Not in Universe).
For income tax purposes, CAPLOSS (Capital Losses) represents the numerical pre-tax capital loss accrued by an individual or tax-filing unit (such as a married couple filing a joint income tax return) over the course of the previous calendar year. A capital loss is a loss resulting from the decrease in value of certain assets classified under federal income tax legislation as capital assets. This includes stocks and other investments, such as investment property. If investments or assets increased in value, the result is capital gains (CAPGAIN). Both CAPLOSS and CAPGAIN report net losses and gains, respectively; at least one of them is always zero.
CAPLOSS, like other tax-related variables included in the ASEC CPS (ADJGINC, CAPGAIN, EITCRED, FEDRETIR, FEDTAX, FICA, FILESTAT, MARGTAX, STATETAX, and TAXINC, and household level variable PROPTAX) was not determined by direct questioning of respondents. Rather, values for these variables come from the Census Bureau's tax model, which simulates individual tax returns to produce estimates of federal, state, and payroll taxes. The model incorporates information from non-CPS sources, such as the Internal Revenue Service's Statistics of Income series, the American Housing Survey, and the State Tax Handbook. For more information about the model, see Current Population Reports, Series P60-18RD. The IPUMS-CPS staff welcomes further information from users about the interpretation of this variable or other tax-related variables in the ASEC CPS.
CPS discontinued this variable in 2009.
Amounts for CAPLOSS are expressed in dollars of the given year, rather than in constant dollars adjusted for inflation. Users can adjust for inflation using Consumer Price Index adjustment factors.
Apart from the effects of inflation, CAPLOSS is largely comparable over time. Comparability may, however, be limited by changes in the Census Bureau's tax model. The Bureau implemented a new model to produce tax estimates in 2004, and the previous tax model was updated annually to account for changes in marginal tax rates.
- Persons age 15+.
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